Narges Mehran presented her work at the 9th International Conference on the Internet of Things, IoT 2019

, , ,

Narges Mehran presented the paper  “MAPO: A Multi-Objective Model for IoT Application Placement in a Fog Environment” at the 9th International Conference on the Internet of Things, IoT 2019 in Bilbao, Spain (October 22-25, 2019).

Authors: Narges MehranDragi KimovskiRadu Prodan (Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt).

Abstract: The emergence of the Fog computing paradigm that leverages in-network virtualized resources raises important challenges in terms of resource and IoT application management in a heterogeneous environment with limited computing resources. In this work, we propose a novel Pareto-based approach for application placement close to the data sources called Multi-objective IoT Application Placement in fOg (MAPO). MAPO models applications based on a finite state machine using three conflicting optimization objectives, completion time, energy consumption, and economic cost, and considering both the computation and communication aspects. In contrast to existing solutions that optimize a single objective, MAPO enables multi-objective energy and cost-aware application placement. To evaluate the quality of the MAPO placements, we created both simulated and real-world testbeds tailored for a set of medical IoT application case studies. Compared to the state-of-the-art approaches, MAPO reduces the economic cost by 28%, while decreasing the energy requirements by 29-64% on average, and improves the completion time by a factor of six.

Track: IoT Edge and Cloud @IoT’19
Acknowledgement: Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG), project 848448, Tiroler Cloud, funded this work.

Christian Timmerer

5GPlayground-Eröffnung mit ITEC-Use-Case “Virtual Realities”

,

Mit dem 5G Summit Carinthia, ein Kurzsymposium zur neuen Mobilfunktechnologie 5G, wurde heute der 5G Playground Carinthia feierlich eröffnet. Der 5G Playground Carinthia ist österreichweit die erste Serviceeinrichtung für die Erforschung und Weiterentwicklung von 5G-spezifischen Anwendungen, Services und Geschäftsmodellen. Das Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technology (BMVIT) sowie das Land Kärnten finanzieren dieses einzigartige Forschungslabor im Süden Österreichs. A1 Telekom Austria stellt die technische Infrastruktur zur Verfügung.

Der 5G Playground Carinthia bietet allen Forschungs-, Innovations- und Bildungseinrichtungen sowie KMUs und Start Ups die einzigartige Möglichkeit ihre Produkte und Anwendungen mit dieser neuen Technologie zu testen und im Echtbetrieb zu erproben.

Die Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt und insbesondere das Institut für Informationstechnologie beteiligt sich an dem 5GPlayground mit einen Use-Case über “Virtual Realities”. Das Projekt erforscht, entwickelt, erprobt und evaluiert ausgewählte VR-Anwendungen über 5G-Netze, z.B. Streaming von 360°-Videos und von neuen Formen immersiver Medien, etwa von volumetrischen Daten (Point Clouds). Diese Anwendungen erfordern und testen sowohl die hohen Datenraten als auch die extrem geringen Verzögerungszeiten von 5G-Netzen, im Downlink (Streaming zu einer VR-Brille) wie auch im Uplink (Streaming von Live-Inhalten von einer 360°-Kamera weg). Darüber hinaus werden Edge-Computing-Komponenten genutzt, die 5G vorsieht, um höhere Präsentationsqualität und raschere Reaktionszeiten des VR-Systems bei Bewegung/Interaktion eines Nutzers zu erreichen. Es werden VR-Systeme entwickelt, welche die Leistungsfähigkeit von 5G zu demonstrieren erlauben.

Link: https://5gplayground.at/

Prof. Radu Prodan @ EU High level Social Media Symposium Panel Discussion

, , ,

Read more about the High level Symposium.

3rd ARTICONF technical meeting in Porto.

, , ,

The first H2020 ASPIDE technical meeting took place in Klagenfurt

, , ,

The Klagenfurt University hosted the first ASPIDE technical meeting (30th September – 2nd October), which aims on designing scalable software solutions for exascale computing.

2019 ASPIDE Meeting Klagenfurt

ASPIDE Meeting at Klagenfurt University

2019 ASPIDE Meeting Klagenfurt Social Event

2019 ASPIDE Meeting Klagenfurt (Social Event)

Natalia Sokolova

MMM’20: Evaluating the Generalization Performance of Instrument Classification in Cataract Surgery Videos

,

Our paper has been accepted for publication at the MMM 2020 Conference on Multimedia Modeling. The work was conducted in the context of the ongoing OVID project.

Authors: Natalia Sokolova, Klaus Schoeffmann, Mario Taschwer (AAU Klagenfurt); Doris
Putzgruber-Adamitsch, Yosuf El-Shabrawi (Klinikum Klagenfurt)

Abstract:
In the field of ophthalmic surgery, many clinicians nowadays record their microscopic procedures with a video camera and use the recorded footage for later purpose, such as forensics, teaching, or training. However, in order to efficiently use the video material after surgery, the video content needs to be analyzed automatically. Important semantic content to be analyzed and indexed in these short videos are operation instruments, since they provide an indication of the corresponding operation phase and surgical action. Related work has already shown that it is possible to accurately detect instruments in cataract surgery videos. However, their underlying dataset (from the CATARACTS challenge) has very good visual quality, which is not reflecting the typical quality of videos acquired in general hospitals. In this paper, we therefore analyze the generalization performance of deep learning models for instrument recognition in terms of dataset change. More precisely, we trained such models as ResNet-50, Inception v3 and NASNet Mobile using a dataset of high visual quality (CATARACT) and test it on another dataset with low visual quality (Cataract-101), and vice versa. Our results show that the generalizability is rather low in general, but clearly worse for the model trained on the high-quality dataset. Another important observation is the fact that the trained models are able to detect similar instruments in the other dataset even if their appearance is different.

ARTICONF’s Next Generation Internet Initiatives Representation at EU ICT Proposers Day in Helsinki

, ,

ARTICONF Representation @EuroPar2019 @LSDVE

, , , ,

The papers titled, ‘ARTICONF: Towards a Smart Social Media Ecosystem in a Blockchain Federated Environment’ , and ‘A Semantic Model with Self-Adaptive and Autonomous Relevant Technology for Social Media Applications’ presented at Seventh Workshop on Large Scale Distributed Virtual Environments, LSDVE 2019 collocated at Europar 2019.

ARTICONF team also took advantage of the conference to hold a round table inter-cooperative discussion with an another Next Genreation Social Media EU H2020 project HELIOS with Dr. Laura Ricci, Dr. Dana Petcu, and Dr. Zhiming Zhao. Both project teams identified a number of similar research topics exiting within both projects namely #Context #Trust #CommunityDetection, and hence pledged support for improved inter and intra- cooperation.

The presented papers description are as follows:

1. ARTICONF: Towards a Smart Social Media Ecosystem in a Blockchain Federated Environment

Authors: Radu Prodan, Nishant Saurabh, Zhiming Zhao and Kate Orton-Johnson

2. A Semantic Model with Self-Adaptive and Autonomous Relevant Technology for Social Media Applications

Authors: Zahra Najafabadi Samani, Alexander Lercher, Nishant Saurabh, Radu Prodan

Articonf LSDVE, Euro-Par 2019

Articonf LSDVE, Euro-Par 2019

Prof. Radu Prodan

The paper “Dynamic Multi-Objective Virtual Machine Placement in Cloud Data Centers” has been accepted

, , , ,

The paper “Dynamic Multi-Objective Virtual Machine Placement in Cloud Data Centers” has been accepted for publication at the Euromicro Conference on Software Engineering and Advanced Applications, SEAA 2019 to be held at Chalkidiki, Greece (August 28-30, 2019).

Author: Radu Prodan

Abstract: Minimizing the resource wastage reduces the energy cost of operating a data center, but may also lead to a considerably high resource overcommitment affecting the Quality of Service (QoS) of the running applications. Determining the effective tradeoff between resource wastage and overcommitment is a challenging task in virtualized Cloud data centers and depends on how Virtual Machines (VMs) are allocated to physical resources. In this paper, we propose a multi-objective framework for dynamic placement of VMs exploiting live-migration mechanisms which simultaneously optimize the resource wastage, overcommitment ratio and migration cost. The optimization algorithm is based on a novel evolutionary meta-heuristic using an island population model underneath. We implemented and validated our method based on an enhanced version of a well-known simulator.
The results demonstrate that our approach outperforms other related approaches by reducing up to 57% migrations energy consumption while achieving different energy and QoS goals.

The paper “MAPO: A Multi-Objective Model for IoT Application Placement in a Fog Environment” has been accepted

, , , ,

The paper “MAPO: A Multi-Objective Model for IoT Application Placement in a Fog Environment” has been accepted for publication at the 9th International Conference on the Internet of Things, IoT 2019 to be held at Bilbao, Spain (October 22-25, 2019).

Authors: Narges Mehran, Dragi Kimovski, Radu Prodan (Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt).

Abstract: The emergence of the Fog computing paradigm that leverages in-network virtualized resources raises important challenges in terms of resource and IoT application management in a heterogeneous environment offering only limited computing resources. In this work, we propose a novel Pareto-based approach for application placement close to the data sources called Multi-objective IoT Application Placement in fOg (MAPO). MAPO models applications based on a finite state machine and uses three convicting optimization objectives, namely completion time, energy consumption, and economic cost, considering both the computation and communication aspects. In contrast to existing solutions that optimize a single objective value, MAPO enables multi-objective energy and cost-aware application placement. To evaluate the quality of the MAPO placements, we created both simulated and real-world testbeds tailored for a set of medical IoT application case studies. Compared to the state-of-the-art approaches, MAPO reduces the economic cost by up to 27%, while decreasing the energy requirements by 23-68%, and optimizes the completion time by up to 7.3 times.

Keywords: Fog computing, IoT application placement, multi-objective optimization, energy consumption
Acknowledgement: Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG), project 848448, Tiroler Cloud, funded this work.