Distributed and Parallel Systems

This paper won the second best paper award at the CCGrid 2021 conference.

,

Title: “A Two-Sided Matching Model for Data Stream Processing in the Cloud-Fog Continuum” by: Narges Mehran, Dragi Kimovski and Radu Prodan, was virtually presented in the CCgrid2021 conference.

We at @alpenadriauni are proud of Narges and her work in the @EU_H2020 @DataCloud2020 project awarded at cloudbus.org/ccgrid2021/.

Watch award presentation at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aSnzDpd5Kqc

Nishant Saurabh

Paper accepted in Elsevier’s Journal of Blockchain: Research and Applications

,

Title: The ARTICONF Approach to Decentralised  Car-sharing 

Authors: Nishant Saurabh (UNI-KLU), Carlos Rubia (Agilia), Anandakumar Palanisamy (BY), Spiros Koulouzis (UvA), Mirsat Sefidanoski (UIST), Antorweep Chakravorty (UiS), Zhiming Zhao (UvA), Aleksandar Karadimce (UIST), Radu Prodan (UNI-KLU)

Abstract: Social media applications are essential for next generation connectivity. Today, social media are centralized platforms with a single proprietary organization controlling the network and posing critical trust and governance issues over the created and propagated content.
The ARTICONF project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 program researches a decentralized social media platform based on a novel set of trustworthy, resilient and globally sustainable tools that address privacy, robustness and autonomy-related promises that proprietary social media platforms have failed to deliver so far. This paper presents the ARTICONF approach to a car-sharing decentralized application (DApp) use case, as a new collaborative peer-to-peer model providing an alternative solution to private car ownership. We describe a prototype implementation of the car-sharing social media DApp and illustrate through real snapshots how the different ARTICONF tools support it in a simulated scenario.

Presentation accepted for ASHPC’21

, , , ,

The presentation has been accepted to the main-track of the Austrian-Slovenian HPC Meeting (ASHPC’21). Meeting will be organized in a hybrid format on 31 May – 2 June, 2021 at the Institute of Information Science in Maribor, Slovenia.

Title: Automated Workflows Scheduling via Two-Phase Event-based MILP Heuristic for MRCPSP Problem

Authors: Vladislav Kashansky, Gleb Radchenko, Radu Prodan, Anatoliy Zabrovskiy and Prateek Agrawal

Abstract: In today’s reality massive amounts of data-intensive tasks are managed by utilizing a large number of heterogeneous computing and storage elements interconnected through high-speed communication networks. However, one issue that still requires research effort is to enable effcient workflows scheduling in such complex environments.
As the scale of the system grows and the workloads become more heterogeneous in the inner structure and the arrival patterns, scheduling problem becomes exponentially harder, requiring problem-specifc heuristics. Many techniques evolved to tackle this problem, including, but not limited to Heterogeneous Earliest Finish Time (HEFT), The Dynamic Scaling Consolidation Scheduling (DSCS), Partitioned Balanced Time Scheduling (PBTS), Deadline Constrained Critical Path (DCCP) and Partition Problem-based Dynamic Provisioning Scheduling (PPDPS). In this talk, we will discuss the two-phase heuristic for makespan-optimized assignment of tasks and computing machines on large-scale computing systems, consisting of matching phase with subsequent event-based MILP method for schedule generation. We evaluated the scalability of the heuristic using the Constraint Integer Programing (SCIP) solver with various configurations based on data sets, provided by the MACS framework. Preliminary results show that the model provides near-optimal assignments and schedules for workflows composed of up to 100 tasks with complex task I/O interactions and demonstrates variable sensitivity with respect to the scale of workflows and resource limitation policies imposed.

Keywords: HPC Schedule Generation, MRCPSP Problem, Workflows Scheduling, Two-Phase Heuristic

Acknowledgement: This work has received funding from the EC-funded project H2020 FETHPC ASPIDE (Agreement #801091)

ADAPT: online kickoff meeting

, , , ,

ADAPT started with the online Kickoff meeting, coordinated by Prof. Radu Prodan.

Prof. Radu Prodan

Nomitation as MC Member at COST

, , ,

Prof. Radu Prodan has been nominated as Management Committee (MC) Member CA19135 at COST (European Cooperation in Science & Technologie).

Prof. Radu Prodan

Paper accepted in RCIS 2021

, , ,

Conference: 15th International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science

Title : DataCloud: Enabling the Big Data Pipelines on the Computing Continuum

Authors: Dumitru Roman, Nikolay Nikolov, Brian Elvesæter, Ahmet Soylu, Radu Prodan, Dragi Kimovski, Andrea Marrella, Francesco Leotta, Dario Benvenuti, Mihhail Matskin, Giannis Ledakis, Anthony Simonet-Boulogne, Fernando Perales, Evgeny Kharlamov, Alexandre Ulisses, Arnor Solberg and Raffaele Ceccarelli

Prof. Radu Prodan

Memphis DATA 2021: Keynote Speaker

, , , ,

Prof. Radu Prodan is a keynote speaker at Memphis DATA 2021, 25th-26th March 2021.

Talk Abstract: We live in a digital world estimated to host around 4 billion Internet users and 10 billion of mobile connections generating 2.5 billion billion of data every day. Managing and extracting value from this sheer amount of raw data requires deep software analysis tools on massive distributed and parallel computing infrastructures aggregating billions of cores and threads. The talk gives an overview of the research activities at the University of Klagenfurt, Austria, on optimising system software support for extreme-scale data processing applications, with focus on scientific simulations, social media and massively multiplayer online games.

Paper accepted in IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems Journal

, , , ,

Title: WELFake: Word Embedding over Linguistic Features for Fake News Detection

Authors: Pawan Kumar Verma (Lovely Professional University, India | GLA University, India), Prateek Agrawal (University of Klagenfurt, Austria | Lovely Professional University, India), Ivone Amorin (MOG Technologies | University of Porto, Portugal), Radu Prodan (University of Klagenfurt, Austria)

Abstract: Social media is a popular medium for dissemination of real-time news all over the world. Easy and quick information proliferation is one of the reasons for its popularity. An extensive number of users with different age groups, gender and societal beliefs are engaged in social media websites. Despite these favorable aspects, a significant disadvantage comes in the form of fake news, as people usually read and share information without caring about its genuineness. Therefore, it is imperative to research methods for the authentication of news. To address this issue, this paper proposes a two phase benchmark model named WELFake based on word embedding (WE) over linguistic features for fake news detection using machine learning classification. The first phase pre-processes the dataset and validates the veracity of news content by using linguistic features. The second phase merges the linguistic feature sets with WE and applies voting classification. To validate its approach, this paper also carefully designs a novel WELFake dataset with approximately 72,000 articles, which incorporates different datasets to generate an unbiased classification output. Experimental results show that the WELFake model categorises the news in real and fake with a 96.73% which improves the overall accuracy by 1.31% compared to BERT and 4.25% compared to CNN models. Our frequency-based and focused analyzing writing patterns model outperforms predictive-based related works implemented using the Word2vec WE method by up to 1.73%.

Acknowledgement: ARTICONF project

The paper “Monte-Carlo Approach to the Computational Capacities Analysis of the Computing Continuum” has been accepted to the main-track of the International Conference on Computational Science (ICCS’2021)

, , , ,

The full paper has been accepted to the main-track of the International Conference on Computational Science (ICCS’21). Conference will be organized in a virtual format on 16-18 June, 2021.

Title: Monte-Carlo Approach to the Computational Capacities Analysis of the Computing Continuum

Authors: Vladislav Kashansky, Gleb Radchenko, Radu Prodan

Abstract: This article proposes an approach to the problem of computational capacities analysis of the computing continuum via theoretical framework of equilibrium phase-transitions and numerical simulations. We introduce the concept of phase transitions in computing continuum and show how this phenomena can be explored in the context of workflow makespan, which we treat as an order parameter. We simulate the behavior of the computational network in the equilibrium regime within the framework of the XY-model defined over complex agent network with Barabasi-Albert topology. More specifically, we define Hamiltonian over complex network topology and sample the resulting spin-orientation distribution with the Metropolis-Hastings technique. The key aspect of the paper is derivation of the bandwidth matrix, as the emergent effect of the “low-level” collective spin interaction. This allows us to study the first order approximation to the makespan of the “high-level” system-wide workflow model in the presence of data-flow anisotropy and phase transitions of the bandwidth matrix controlled by the means of “noise regime” parameter. For this purpose, we have built a simulation engine in Python 3.6. Simulation results confirm existence of the phase transition, revealing complex transformations in the computational abilities of the agents. Notable feature is that bandwidth distribution undergoes a critical transition from single to multi-mode case. Our simulations generally open new perspectives for reproducible comparative performance analysis of the novel and classic scheduling algorithms.

Keywords: Complex Networks, Computing Continuum, Phase Transitions, Computational Model, MCMC, Metropolis-Hastings, XY-model, Equilibrium Model

Acknowledgement: This work has received funding from the EC-funded project H2020 FETHPC ASPIDE (Agreement #801091)

Paper accepted at the 5th IEEE ICFEC 2021

, ,

The paper “Multilayer Resource-aware Partitioning for Fog Application Placement” has been accepted for publication at the 5th IEEE international conference on Fog and Edge computing 2021 (ICFEC 2021) , with an acceptance rate of 17% for regular papers.

Authors: Zahra Najafabadi Samani, Nishant Saurabh, Radu Prodan

Abstract: Fog computing emerged as a crucial platform for the deployment of IoT applications. The complexity of such applications requires methods that handle the resource diversity and network structure of Fog devices, while maximizing the service placement and reducing resource wastage. Prior studies in this domain primarily focused on optimizing application-specific requirements and fail to address the network topology combined with the different types of resources encountered in Fog devices. To overcome these problems, we propose a multilayer resource-aware partitioning method to minimize the resource wastage and maximize the service placement and deadline satisfaction rates in a Fog infrastructure with high multi-user application placement requests. Our method represents the heterogeneous Fog resources as a multilayered network graph and partitions them based on network topology and resource features. Afterward, it identifies the appropriate device partitions for placing an application according to its requirements, which need to overlap in the same network topology partition. Simulation results show that our multilayer resource-aware partitioning method is able to place twice as many services, satisfy deadlines for three times as many application requests, and reduce the resource wastage up to 15-32 times compared to two availability and resource-aware state-of-the-art methods.