Distributed and Parallel Systems

Prof. Radu Prodan

The paper “A Container-driven Approach for Resource Provisioning in Edge-Fog Cloud” has been accepted

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The paper “A Container-driven Approach for Resource Provisioning in Edge-Fog Cloud” has been accepted for publication at the 5th International Symposium on Algorithmic Aspects of Cloud Computing, ALGOCLOUD 2019 to be held at Munich, Germany (September 9-13, 2019).

Authors: Hamid Mohammadi Fard, Radu Prodan and Felix Wolf

Prof. Radu Prodan

The paper “Dynamic Multi-Objective Virtual Machine Placement in Cloud Data Centers” has been accepted

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The paper “Dynamic Multi-Objective Virtual Machine Placement in Cloud Data Centers” has been accepted for publication at the Euromicro Conference on Software Engineering and Advanced Applications, SEAA 2019 to be held at Chalkidiki, Greece (August 28-30, 2019).

Author: Radu Prodan

Abstract: Minimizing the resource wastage reduces the energy cost of operating a data center, but may also lead to a considerably high resource overcommitment affecting the Quality of Service (QoS) of the running applications. Determining the effective tradeoff between resource wastage and overcommitment is a challenging task in virtualized Cloud data centers and depends on how Virtual Machines (VMs) are allocated to physical resources. In this paper, we propose a multi-objective framework for dynamic placement of VMs exploiting live-migration mechanisms which simultaneously optimize the resource wastage, overcommitment ratio and migration cost. The optimization algorithm is based on a novel evolutionary meta-heuristic using an island population model underneath. We implemented and validated our method based on an enhanced version of a well-known simulator.
The results demonstrate that our approach outperforms other related approaches by reducing up to 57% migrations energy consumption while achieving different energy and QoS goals.

The paper “MAPO: A Multi-Objective Model for IoT Application Placement in a Fog Environment” has been accepted

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The paper “MAPO: A Multi-Objective Model for IoT Application Placement in a Fog Environment” has been accepted for publication at the 9th International Conference on the Internet of Things, IoT 2019 to be held at Bilbao, Spain (October 22-25, 2019).

Authors: Narges Mehran, Dragi Kimovski, Radu Prodan (Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt).

Abstract: The emergence of the Fog computing paradigm that leverages in-network virtualized resources raises important challenges in terms of resource and IoT application management in a heterogeneous environment offering only limited computing resources. In this work, we propose a novel Pareto-based approach for application placement close to the data sources called Multi-objective IoT Application Placement in fOg (MAPO). MAPO models applications based on a finite state machine and uses three convicting optimization objectives, namely completion time, energy consumption, and economic cost, considering both the computation and communication aspects. In contrast to existing solutions that optimize a single objective value, MAPO enables multi-objective energy and cost-aware application placement. To evaluate the quality of the MAPO placements, we created both simulated and real-world testbeds tailored for a set of medical IoT application case studies. Compared to the state-of-the-art approaches, MAPO reduces the economic cost by up to 27%, while decreasing the energy requirements by 23-68%, and optimizes the completion time by up to 7.3 times.

Keywords: Fog computing, IoT application placement, multi-objective optimization, energy consumption
Acknowledgement: Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG), project 848448, Tiroler Cloud, funded this work.

EU H2020 Project ASPIDE Meeting in Madrid

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Prof. Radu Prodan and Dr. Dragi Kimovski participated in the ASPIDE meeting.

Aspide-Meeting-Madrid-2019

Aspide-Meeting-Madrid-2019

Papers accepted at Europar Workshop 2019, Göttingen, August 26-27, 2019

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The papers titled, ‘ARTICONF: Towards a Smart Social Media Ecosystem in a Blockchain Federated Environment’ , and ‘A Semantic Model with Self-Adaptive and Autonomous Relevant Technology for Social Media Applications’ are accepted at Seventh Workshop on Large Scale Distributed Virtual Environments, LSDVE 2019 collocated at Europar 2019. The papers descriptions are as follows:

1. ARTICONF: Towards a Smart Social Media Ecosystem in a Blockchain Federated Environment

Authors: Radu Prodan, Nishant Saurabh, Zhiming Zhao and Kate Orton-Johnson

2. A Semantic Model with Self-Adaptive and Autonomous Relevant Technology for Social Media Applications

Authors: Zahra Najafabadi Samani, Alexander Lercher, Nishant Saurabh, Radu Prodan

A glimpse into ARTICONF meeting @Stavanger, Norway.

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Prof. Radu Prodan coordinated EU H2020 Project ARTICONF team met at Stavanger and held technical cum plenary discussions between June 4th to June 7th 2019 with a goal to present some exciting development towards next generation social media.

Articonf meeting at Stavanger 2019

Articonf meeting at Stavanger 2019

Prof. Radu Prodan

Prof. Radu Prodan is the Program Chair for ISPDC 2019

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Prof. Radu Prodan is the Program Chair for ISPDC 2019, the 18th IEEE International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Computing, to be held at Amsterdam (Netherlands).

ITEC representation @IPDPS 2019, 33rd IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium

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The prestigious 33rd IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2019 held at Rio de Janerio, Brazil (May 20-24 2019) found representation from ITEC department at UNI-KLU in a number of activities including paper and poster presentations, panel discussions etc. led by Prof. Radu Prodan, Josef Hammer, and Nishant Saurabh.

1. Panel discussion @PAISE 2019, the collocated workshop @IPDPS.

Prof. Radu Prodan led the panel discussion on emerging Blockchain, Parallel AI and Edge computing technology and paradigms at PAISE (Parallel AI and Systems for the Edge), collocated workshop at the prestigious 33rd IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2019 along with some renowned researchers including Pete Beckman (Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago), Sandip Kundu (National Science Foundation), Tal Ben-Nun (ETH Zürich), and Ilkay Altintas (Chief Data Science Officer at the San Diego Supercomputer Center), moderated by Rajesh Sankaran (Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago). Prof. Prodan highlighted disruptive scenarios, typically posed with the arrival of next generation technologies and introduced EU H2020 project ARTICONF coordinated by UNI-KLU to the audience in the light of the panel topics.

2. Workshop paper presentation @PAISE 2019, the collocated workshop @IPDPS to be published in IPDPSW proceedings.

Josef Hammer presented the workshop paper “Transparent Access to 5G Edge Computing Services” accepted for publication at 33rd IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium workshop, PAISE 2019.

Authors: Josef Hammer, Philipp Moll and Hermann Hellwagner

3. Conference paper presentation @IPDPS 2019 Cloud Computing session to be published in IPDPS proceedings.

Nishant Saurabh presented the conference paper “Semantics-aware Virtual Machine Image Management in IaaS Clouds” accepted for publication at 33rd IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium , IPDPS 2019.

Authors: Nishant Saurabh (Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt), Julian Remmers (University of Innsbruck), Dragi Kimovski (Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt), Radu Prodan (Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt), Jorge G. Barbosa (LIACC, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto).

4. Poster presentation @IPDPS 2019 PhD Forum.

The ITEC representative members Josef Hammer and Nishant Saurabh presented respective posters amongst distinguished researchers. While, Josef’s poster titled “Transparent Access to 5G Edge Computing Services”, Nishant presented the poster on “Towards a semantic-centric VMI repository management”.

5. Session Chair @IPDPS 2019, Scheduling and Load balancing session.

Prof. Radu Prodan chaired the Scheduling and Load balancing session, which observed some interesting research works from all around the globe.

ipdps-2019

Prof. Radu Prodan

Prof. Radu Prodan in editorial board of special issue on Large Scale Cooperative Virtual Environments in Journal of Grid Computing

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Link to the Journal of Grid Computing special issue.