Sabrina Kletz presented her work at the MIAR Workshop @ MICCAI 2019

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Sabrina Kletz presented the paper “Learning the Representation of Instrument Images in Laparoscopy Video” at the MIAR Workshop @ MICCAI 2019 in Shenzhen, China.

Authors: Sabrina Kletz, Klaus Schoeffmann, Heinrich Husslein

Abstract: Automatic recognition of instruments in laparoscopy videos poses many challenges that need to be addressed like identifying multiple instruments appearing in various representations and in different lighting conditions which in turn may be occluded by other instruments, tissue, blood or smoke. Considering these challenges it may be beneficial for recognition approaches that instrument frames are first detected in a sequence of video frames for further investigating only these frames. This pre-recognition step is also relevant for many other classification tasks in laparoscopy videos such as action recognition or adverse event analysis. In this work, we address the task of binary classification to recognize video frames as either instrument or non-instrument images. We examine convolutional neural network models to learn the representation of instrument frames in videos and take a closer look at learned activation patterns. For this task, GoogLeNet together with batch normalization is trained and validated using a publicly available dataset for instrument count classifications. We compare transfer learning with learning from scratch and evaluate on datasets from cholecystectomy and gynecology. The evaluation shows that fine-tuning a pre-trained model on the instrument and non-instrument images is much faster and more stable in learning than training a model from scratch.

Conference: 2019 International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), October 13–17, 2018, Shenzhen, China

Track: Medical Imaging and Augmented Reality (MIAR) Workshop @MICCAI

Philipp Moll

Talk of Philipp Moll on the ACM ICN 2019 conference

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Philipp Moll presented the paper “Inter-Server Game State Synchronization using Named Data Networking” on the ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking 2019 in Macau, China.

Authors: Philipp Moll, Sebastian Theuermann, Natascha Rauscher, Hermann Hellwagner (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt), Jeff Burke (UCLA)

Abstract: In this paper, we develop a system for inter-server game state synchronization using the NDN architecture. We use Minecraft as a real-world example of online games and extend Minecraft’s single-server architecture to work as multi-server game. In our prototype,we use two different NDN-based approaches for the dissemination of game state updates in server clusters. In a naive approach, servers request game state updates for small segments of the game worldfrom other servers of the cluster. In an improved approach – the region manifest approach– servers identify changed parts of the world by subscribing to manifest files containing information about world regions managed by the other servers of the cluster. An apparent downside of the NDN approaches is the high overhead when handling small-sized game state updates, but our evaluation shows that NDN already improves on IP-based implementations regarding the resulting traffic volume when three or more servers are involved. Furthermore, caused by NDN’s inherent multicast functionality, the advantage over IP increases with the size of theserver cluster. Moreover, the use of NDN-based approaches leads to benefits beyond traffic reduction only. The name-based host-independent access to world regions allows to scale server clusters easier.

The paper full paper can be found on: https://conferences.sigcomm.org/acm-icn/2019/proceedings/icn19-25.pdf

Philipp Moll

Philipp Moll presented his work “Towards an NDN-based Online Gaming Architecture” as demo on the NDN Community Meeting held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

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In the course of his research stay at UCLA, Philipp Moll attended the NDN Community Meeting 2019 and presented his work “Towards an NDN-based Online Gaming Architecture”.

Abstract: The popularity of online games increased steadily during the last decades and nowadays games play an important role in the entertainment industry. Although the rising popularity of online games goes hand in hand with increased complexity of technical challenges, the networking stack of online games is built on decades-old technologies, which were never intended to be used in games, and is often responsible for crashing game servers during peak hours. Replacing the currently used connection-oriented networking approach by a content-centric architecture could yield advantages reaching beyond avoiding inefficiencies found in IP-based online games. We propose an NDN-based system for Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) which tackles issues found in IP-based systems.

Authors: Philipp Moll, Sebastian Theuermann, Hermann Hellwagner (Klagenfurt University), Jeff Burke (UCLA)

Links:

ARTICONF Representation @EuroPar2019 @LSDVE

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The papers titled, ‘ARTICONF: Towards a Smart Social Media Ecosystem in a Blockchain Federated Environment’ , and ‘A Semantic Model with Self-Adaptive and Autonomous Relevant Technology for Social Media Applications’ presented at Seventh Workshop on Large Scale Distributed Virtual Environments, LSDVE 2019 collocated at Europar 2019.

ARTICONF team also took advantage of the conference to hold a round table inter-cooperative discussion with an another Next Genreation Social Media EU H2020 project HELIOS with Dr. Laura Ricci, Dr. Dana Petcu, and Dr. Zhiming Zhao. Both project teams identified a number of similar research topics exiting within both projects namely #Context #Trust #CommunityDetection, and hence pledged support for improved inter and intra- cooperation.

The presented papers description are as follows:

1. ARTICONF: Towards a Smart Social Media Ecosystem in a Blockchain Federated Environment

Authors: Radu Prodan, Nishant Saurabh, Zhiming Zhao and Kate Orton-Johnson

2. A Semantic Model with Self-Adaptive and Autonomous Relevant Technology for Social Media Applications

Authors: Zahra Najafabadi Samani, Alexander Lercher, Nishant Saurabh, Radu Prodan

Articonf LSDVE, Euro-Par 2019

Articonf LSDVE, Euro-Par 2019

Prof. Radu Prodan

Radu Prodan is program chair at the HeteroPar’2019 workshop in Göttingen

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Radu Prodan is program chair at the seventeenth international workshop on algorithms, models and tools for parallel computing on Heterogeneous Platforms (HeteroPar’2019), collocated at Euro-Par 2019, August 27, 2019.

Prof. Radu Prodan

The paper “A Container-driven Approach for Resource Provisioning in Edge-Fog Cloud” has been accepted

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The paper “A Container-driven Approach for Resource Provisioning in Edge-Fog Cloud” has been accepted for publication at the 5th International Symposium on Algorithmic Aspects of Cloud Computing, ALGOCLOUD 2019 to be held at Munich, Germany (September 9-13, 2019).

Authors: Hamid Mohammadi Fard, Radu Prodan and Felix Wolf

Prof. Radu Prodan

The paper “Dynamic Multi-Objective Virtual Machine Placement in Cloud Data Centers” has been accepted

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The paper “Dynamic Multi-Objective Virtual Machine Placement in Cloud Data Centers” has been accepted for publication at the Euromicro Conference on Software Engineering and Advanced Applications, SEAA 2019 to be held at Chalkidiki, Greece (August 28-30, 2019).

Author: Radu Prodan

Abstract: Minimizing the resource wastage reduces the energy cost of operating a data center, but may also lead to a considerably high resource overcommitment affecting the Quality of Service (QoS) of the running applications. Determining the effective tradeoff between resource wastage and overcommitment is a challenging task in virtualized Cloud data centers and depends on how Virtual Machines (VMs) are allocated to physical resources. In this paper, we propose a multi-objective framework for dynamic placement of VMs exploiting live-migration mechanisms which simultaneously optimize the resource wastage, overcommitment ratio and migration cost. The optimization algorithm is based on a novel evolutionary meta-heuristic using an island population model underneath. We implemented and validated our method based on an enhanced version of a well-known simulator.
The results demonstrate that our approach outperforms other related approaches by reducing up to 57% migrations energy consumption while achieving different energy and QoS goals.

The paper “MAPO: A Multi-Objective Model for IoT Application Placement in a Fog Environment” has been accepted

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The paper “MAPO: A Multi-Objective Model for IoT Application Placement in a Fog Environment” has been accepted for publication at the 9th International Conference on the Internet of Things, IoT 2019 to be held at Bilbao, Spain (October 22-25, 2019).

Authors: Narges Mehran, Dragi Kimovski, Radu Prodan (Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt).

Abstract: The emergence of the Fog computing paradigm that leverages in-network virtualized resources raises important challenges in terms of resource and IoT application management in a heterogeneous environment offering only limited computing resources. In this work, we propose a novel Pareto-based approach for application placement close to the data sources called Multi-objective IoT Application Placement in fOg (MAPO). MAPO models applications based on a finite state machine and uses three convicting optimization objectives, namely completion time, energy consumption, and economic cost, considering both the computation and communication aspects. In contrast to existing solutions that optimize a single objective value, MAPO enables multi-objective energy and cost-aware application placement. To evaluate the quality of the MAPO placements, we created both simulated and real-world testbeds tailored for a set of medical IoT application case studies. Compared to the state-of-the-art approaches, MAPO reduces the economic cost by up to 27%, while decreasing the energy requirements by 23-68%, and optimizes the completion time by up to 7.3 times.

Keywords: Fog computing, IoT application placement, multi-objective optimization, energy consumption
Acknowledgement: Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG), project 848448, Tiroler Cloud, funded this work.

Papers accepted at Europar Workshop 2019, Göttingen, August 26-27, 2019

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The papers titled, ‘ARTICONF: Towards a Smart Social Media Ecosystem in a Blockchain Federated Environment’ , and ‘A Semantic Model with Self-Adaptive and Autonomous Relevant Technology for Social Media Applications’ are accepted at Seventh Workshop on Large Scale Distributed Virtual Environments, LSDVE 2019 collocated at Europar 2019. The papers descriptions are as follows:

1. ARTICONF: Towards a Smart Social Media Ecosystem in a Blockchain Federated Environment

Authors: Radu Prodan, Nishant Saurabh, Zhiming Zhao and Kate Orton-Johnson

2. A Semantic Model with Self-Adaptive and Autonomous Relevant Technology for Social Media Applications

Authors: Zahra Najafabadi Samani, Alexander Lercher, Nishant Saurabh, Radu Prodan

Philipp Moll and Sabrina Kletz presented their Demo on “Alternative inputs for games and AR/VR applications” @ MMSys 2019 in Amherst

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Paper Title: Alternative inputs for games and AR/VR applications: deep headbanging on the web

Abstract: In multimedia research, scientific progress is often slowed downby high demands on hard- and software. However, hardware con-tinuously improves and today’s hardware got powerful enoughto meet the performance demands of complex 3D and deep learn-ing applications. With this demo, we demonstrate that utilizingdeep learning and 3D modeling is not a major barrier anymorewhen building prototypes for showcasing research projects. Ourweb-based game, called “HeadbangZ”, showcases a novel gesture-based input methodology realized through deeply learned poseestimation and user interaction in a 3D environment. Since gesture-based inputs increase the immersion in virtual environments, weassume this input methodology to be especially useful for AR/VRapplications and games. Furthermore, we demonstrate that rapidprototyping of applications using novel technologies, such as deeplearning, is even possible within 48 hours by developing a workingdemo within this time frame. Finally, we provide insights into whatwe learned during the development of HeadbangZ to encourageother researchers to make use of novel technologies. In referenceto Stephen Harper’s quote “Having hit a wall, the next logical stepis not to bang our heads against it.”, we hope that the presentationof HeadbangZ encourages researchers to bang their heads rhythmi-cally to rock music instead of angrily against a virtual wall createdby hard- and software limitations.

Authors: Philipp Moll, Andreas Leibetseder, Sabrina Kletz, Mathias Lux, Bernd Münzer (Institute of Information Technology, Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt)

More information on the paper can be found on: https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3323832