Paper accepted – OPSE: Online Per-Scene Encoding for Adaptive HTTP Live Streaming
2022 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME) Industry & Application Track
July 18-22, 2022 | Taipei, Taiwan
Vignesh V Menon (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt), Hadi Amirpour (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt), Christian Feldmann (Bitmovin, Austria), Mohammad Ghanbari (School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, University of Essex, Colchester, UK), and Christian Timmerer (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt)
In live streaming applications, typically a fixed set of bitrate-resolution pairs (known as a bitrate ladder) is used during the entire streaming session in order to avoid the additional latency to find scene transitions and optimized bitrate-resolution pairs for every video content. However, an optimized bitrate ladder per scene may result in (i) decreased
storage or delivery costs or/and (ii) increased Quality of Experience (QoE). This paper introduces an Online Per-Scene Encoding (OPSE) scheme for adaptive HTTP live streaming applications. In this scheme, scene transitions and optimized bitrate-resolution pairs for every scene are predicted using Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT)-energy-based low-complexity spatial and temporal features. Experimental results show that, on average, OPSE yields bitrate savings of upto 48.88% in certain scenes to maintain the same VMAF,
compared to the reference HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) bitrate ladder without any noticeable additional latency in streaming.