The ITEC team participated in HiPeac 2020 and the collocated ASPIDE meeting in Bologna

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The ITEC team participated in the HiPeac 2020 International Workshop on Exascale programing models for extreme data with a presentation with title “Monitoring data collection and mining for Exascale systems”. The ITEC team also attended the collocated ASPIDE meeting and actively participated in the decision of the next research activities in the project.

Dragi Kimovski

Dragi Kimovski gave an invited talk at the International Workshop on the Computing Continuum (IWCoCo) 2020 in Bologna

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Title of the talk: Mobility-Aware Scheduling of Extreme Data Workflows across the Computing Continuum

Abstract: The appearance of the Fog/Edge computing paradigm, as an emanation of the computing continuum closer to the edge of the network, unravels important opportunities for execution of complex business and scientific workflows near the data sources. The main characteristics of these workflows are (i) their distributed nature, (ii) the vast amount of data (in the order of petabytes) they generate and (iii) the strict latency requirements. Current workflow management approaches rely exclusively on the Cloud Data Centers, which due to their geographical distance in relation to the data sources, could negatively influence the latency and cause violation of workflow requirements. It is therefore essential to research novel concepts for partial offloading of complex workflows closer to where the data is generated, thus reducing the communication latency and the need for frequent data transfers.

In this talk we will explore the  potential  of  the computing continuum  for  scheduling and partial offloading  of  complex  workflows  with  strict  response time requirements and expose the resource provisioning challenges related to the heterogeneity and mobility of the Fog/Edge environment. Consequently, we will discuss a novel mobility-aware Pareto-based approach for task offloading across the continuum, which considers three optimization objectives, namely response time, reliability, and financial cost. Besides, the approach introduces a Markov model to perform a single-step predictive analysis on the mobility of the Fog/Edge devices, thus constraining the task offloading optimization problem to devices that do not frequently move (roam) within the computing continuum. As a conclusion to the talk, we will discuss the efficiency of the presented approach, based on both a simulated and a real-world testbed environment tailored for a set real-world biomedical, meteorological and astronomy workflows.

IWCoCo 2020 in Bologna

The 3rd Klagenfurt Winter Game Jam took place Dec 20-22, 2019

The 3rd Klagenfurt Winter Game Jam took place Dec 20-22, 2019 and attracted more than 90 registrations. The event started with talks about the founding of an indie studio – Healing Bullet Games – from students of our master program on Game Studies and Engineering, and about game streaming from Marie Solle. More than 60 jammers then worked on games with the topic Unconventional Travel for the whole weekend, and 16 games where presented on Sunday. All the games of the jam can be found on https://itch.io/jam/3rd-winterjam/entries.

Photos from the jam are available at https://photos.app.goo.gl/Pet8u9JUkg7eJif89, moving images are here: https://youtu.be/FDWeyKjLnog

Philipp Moll

The Paper “Making simulation results reproducible—Survey, guidelines, and examples based on Gradle and Docker” is published in PeerJ Computer Science

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The paper “Making simulation results reproducible—Survey, guidelines, and examples based on Gradle and Docker” has been accepted and published in PeerJ Computer Science.

Authors: Wilfried Elmenreich, Philipp Moll, Sebastian Theuermann, Mathias Lux (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt)

Abstract: This article addresses two research questions related to reproducibility within the context of research related to computer science. First, a survey on reproducibility addressed to researchers in the academic and private sectors is described and evaluated. The survey indicates a strong need for open and easily accessible results, in particular, reproducing an experiment should not require too much effort. The results of the survey are then used to formulate guidelines for making research results reproducible. In addition, this article explores four approaches based on software tools that could bring forward reproducibility in research results. After a general analysis of tools, three examples are further investigated based on actual research projects which are used to evaluate previously introduced tools. Results indicate that the evaluated tools contribute well to making simulation results reproducible but due to conflicting requirements, none of the presented solutions fulfills all intended goals perfectly.

The full paper can be found on: https://peerj.com/articles/cs-240/

“Fast Multi-Rate Encoding for Adaptive HTTP Streaming” has been accepted for publication at the “Data Compression Conference”, March 24-27, 2020 @ Lake City, UTAH, USA

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Authors: Hadi Amirpour, Ekrem Çetinkaya (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt), Christian Timmerer (Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Bitmovin), and Mohammad Ghanbari (University of Tehran, University of Essex)

Abstract: Adaptive HTTP streaming is the preferred method to deliver multimedia content on the internet. It provides multiple representations of the same content in different qualities (i.e., bit-rates and resolutions) and allows the client to request segments from the available representations in a dynamic, adaptive way depending on its context. The growing number of representations in adaptive HTTP streaming makes encoding of one video segment at different representations a challenging task in terms of encoding time-complexity. In this paper, information of both highest and lowest quality representations are used to limit Rate Distortion Optimization (RDO) for each Coding Unit Tree (CTU) in High Efficiency Video Coding. Our proposed method first encodes the highest quality representation and consequently uses it to encode the lowest quality representation. In particular, the block structure and the selected reference frame of both highest and lowest quality representations are then used to predict and shorten the RDO process of each CTU for intermediate quality representations. Our proposed method introduces a delay of two CTUs thanks to employing parallel processing techniques. Experimental results show a significant reduction in time-complexity over the reference software (38%) and state-of-the-art (10%) is achieved while quality degradation is negligible.

Keywords:  HTTP adaptive streaming, Multi-rate encoding, HEVC, Fast block partitioning

Link: Data Compression Conference 2020

Roland Matha

Paper accepted in IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems (TPDS) journal

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The manuscript “Simplified Workflow Simulation on Clouds based on Computation and Communication Noisiness” has been accepted for
publication in the IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems journal (TPDS) with an impact factor of 4.181.

Authors: Roland Mathá, Sasko Ristov, Thomas Fahringer, Radu Prodan.

Abstract: Many researchers rely on simulations to analyze and validate their researched methods on Cloud infrastructures. However, determining relevant simulation parameters and correctly instantiating them to match the real Cloud performance is a difficult and costly operation, as minor configuration changes can easily generate an unreliable inaccurate simulation result. Using legacy values experimentally determined by other researchers can reduce the configuration costs, but is still inaccurate as the underlying public Clouds and the number of active tenants are highly different and dynamic in time. To overcome these deficiencies, we propose a novel model that simulates the dynamic Cloud performance by introducing noise in the computation and communication tasks, determined by a small set of runtime execution data. Although the estimating method is apparently costly, a comprehensive sensitivity analysis shows that the configuration parameters determined for a certain simulation setup can be used for other simulations too, thereby reducing the tuning cost by up to 82.46%, while declining the simulation accuracy by only 1.98% in average. Extensive evaluation also shows that our novel model outperforms other state-of-the-art dynamic Cloud simulation models, leading up to 22% lower makespan inaccuracy.

Acknowledgments: This work has been supported by the ASPIDE Project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement No 801091.

Einladung zur Eröffnung des Christian Doppler Labors ATHENA (Adaptive Streaming over HTTP and Emerging Networked Multimedia Services)

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An der Universität Klagenfurt wird das CD Labor für Adaptive Streaming over HTTP and Emerging Networked Multimedia Services eingerichtet. Die Mission des Labors ist die Erforschung neuer Tools und Methoden für die Codierung, den Transport und die Wiedergabe von Live- und On-Demand-Videos mithilfe des HTTP-Adaptive-Streaming-Verfahrens. In Christian Doppler Labors wird anwendungsorientierte Grundlagenforschung auf hohem Niveau betrieben, hervorragende WissenschaftlerInnen kooperieren dazu mit innovativen Unternehmen. Für die Förderung dieser Zusammenarbeit gilt die Christian Doppler Forschungsgesellschaft international als Best-Practice-Beispiel. Christian Doppler Labors werden von der öffentlichen Hand und den beteiligten Unternehmen gemeinsam finanziert. Wichtigster öffentlicher Fördergeber ist das Bundesministerium für Digitalisierung und Wirtschaftsstandort (BMDW). Wir laden Sie herzlich zur feierlichen Eröffnung des CD Labors ein. Read more

Dragi Kimovski

The manuscript “Multi-objective scheduling of extreme data scientific workflows in Fog” has been accepted in FGCS

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The manuscript “Multi-objective scheduling of extreme data scientific workflows in Fog” has been accepted for publication in the “Future Generation Computer Systems” journal published by Elsevier. The journal is ranked in the Q1 (SJR) in the areas of “Hardware and Architectures” and “Computer Networks and Communications” with an Impact Factor of 5.768 (Journal Citations Reports). The manuscript was prepared in collaboration with the Technical University of Vienna.

Authors: Vincenzo De Maio and Dragi Kimovski

Abstract: The concept of “extreme data” is a recent re-incarnation of the “big data” problem, which is distinguished by the massive amounts of information that must be analyzed with strict time requirements. In the past decade, the Cloud data centers have been envisioned as the essential computing architectures for enabling extreme data workflows. However, the Cloud data centers are often geographically distributed. Such geographical distribution increases offloading latency, making it unsuitable for processing of workflows with strict latency requirements, as the data transfer times could be very high. Fog computing emerged as a promising solution to this issue, as it allows partial workflow processing in lower-network layers. Performing data processing on the Fog significantly reduces data transfer latency, allowing to meet the workflows’ strict latency requirements. However, the Fog layer is highly heterogeneous and loosely connected, which affects reliability and response time of task offloading. In this work, we investigate the potential of Fog for scheduling of extreme data workflows with strict response time requirements. Moreover, we propose a novel Pareto-based approach for task offloading in Fog, called Multi-objective Workflow Offloading (MOWO). MOWO considers three optimization objectives, namely response time, reliability, and financial cost. We evaluate MOWO workflow scheduler on a set of real-world biomedical, meteorological and astronomy workflows representing examples of extreme data application with strict latency requirements.

Acknowledgments: ASPIDE H2020 and ATOMICFOG ÖAD AT/MK 2018